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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 372 
This false identity card was issued to David Donoff in September 1942. The Donoff family engaged in forgery operations for the Jewish Resistance in France. All seven siblings of the Donoff family were members of a Resistance organization known as Éclaireurs israélites de France. Of the seven siblings, the two brothers were killed for participating in Resistance operations; the five sisters survived the war.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Hampered by the British White Paper of 1939, which severely restricted Jewish immigration to Palestine, members of the Yishuv, the organized Jewish community in Palestine, agonized as they learned of the deportations and deaths. Here, Yishuv members gather before the tomb of the prophet Zechariah on the Mount of Olives to mourn those who had died at the hands of the Nazis. The group recalled the prophet's words spoken in earlier times of persecution: "Behold, I will save my people from the east country and from the west country; and I will bring them to dwell in the midst of Jerusalem; and they shall be my people and I will be their God." (Zec 8:7-8, RSV).
Photo: Central Zionist Archives / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
This obviously staged photograph shows Jews beating Jews in the Kolbuszowa (Poland) Ghetto. The Nazis used such propaganda photos to establish that Jews were animals who often turned on each other, just like the rats to which the Nazis often compared them. The implication was clear: If the Jews did not care about themselves, why should the German people care about them?
Photo: Norman Salsitz / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 September 26 and 28, 1942: German railway officials meet in Berlin to plan track upgrades and additional trains in order to hasten deportations of Jews.
 September 26-29, 1942: Search parties of German and Ukrainian police capture 1000 of 2000 Jews who escaped from the Tuchin (Ukraine) Ghetto on September 24. Some Jews are taken to Tuchin's Jewish cemetery and shot, while most are killed where they are found in the forest; See September 27, 1942.
 September 27, 1942: Three hundred cold and hungry women and children, part of the 1000 Jews still at large following a September 24 escape from the ghetto at Tuchin, Ukraine, return to the city under German promises of safe repatriation. All 300 are shot. Of the 700 Tuchin Jews who remain at large, only about 20 will survive the war.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 372 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.