Home Contact Us
Index Purchase Info
About Site About Us
Appendices Credits
Further Reading Links
Special Features
By Keyword:

Page Number:
Click on an image to see a larger, more detailed picture.
1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 413 

Auschwitz was divided into three camps. Auschwitz I was primarily a concentration camp. At Auschwitz II (Birkenau), more than one million Jews fell dead in its five gas chambers. Auschwitz III (Monowitz) was an enormous industrial area, with chemical giant I.G. Farben relying on thousands of slave laborers.
Sister Marejanna Reszko was the head of the convent of St. Anthony in Ignacow, Poland. She rescued numerous Jewish girls by hiding them in her orphanage. When asked if one of her charges, Frida Aronson, was Jewish, her reply was that she did not care--she assisted all those who needed it.
Photo: Frida Aronson / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Gentiles often collaborated with the Nazis in expropriating Jewish property, even in Holland. This moving van was part of the A. Puls company, owned by a Dutchman who willingly worked with the Nazis. Puls's vans appeared frequently in the Amsterdam Ghetto in order to haul away Jewish property. Such vans became so common that "Pulsen" became a slang term for stealing.
Photo: Rijksinstituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 January 7, 1943: British Colonial Secretary Oliver Stanley informs the British War Cabinet that Germany's Eastern European allies have turned to a policy of expulsion of Jews as an alternative to exterminating them. He concludes that this change in policy makes it "all the more necessary" to limit the number of Jewish children accepted into Palestine.
 January 7-24, 1943: Twenty thousand Jews from Germany, Belgium, Holland, and Poland are gassed at Auschwitz.
 January 9, 1943: Germans apprehend, torture, and kill 20-year-old Jewish partisan Emma Radova.
 January 9, 1943: The British magazine New Statesman urges that Jewish refugees be allowed at least temporarily into all nations, including 40,000 more into Palestine.
 January 10, 1943: In the Generalgouvernement, several thousand Jews who had left forest hiding places on November 10, 1942, after a Nazi promise of safe passage, are betrayed. Most are transported to Treblinka and gassed. The remainder are sent to labor camps at nearby Sandomierz and Skarzysko Kamienna.
1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 413 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.