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1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 414 
Meeting in Casablanca, Morocco, over several days in January 1943, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt (left), French General Charles de Gaulle (center), and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (right) set strategy for the next phases of the war in Europe. The leaders united in demanding Germany's unconditional surrender as a prerequisite for ending the fighting. British and American representatives were far less decisive a few months later when they met in Hamilton, Bermuda, to address the refugee crisis. There, they took no action to rescue Jews.
Photo: Bilderdienst SYddeutscher Verlag
Miroslav Filipovic-Majstorovic was a ruthless killer who worked at the Jasenovac concentration camp in Croatia. A former priest and member of the Croatian Fascist organization Ustasa, Filipovic-Majstorovic killed countless prisoners with his bare hands. Approximately 600,000 people--including Serbs, Jews, Gypsies, and opponents of the Ustasa regime--were killed at Jasenovac.
Photo: Yad Vashem / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Conductor Wolf Durmashkin poses with the Hebrew Ghetto Choir of Vilna, Lithuania. Durmashkin was a child prodigy and a leading musician in Warsaw. After the outbreak of war he went to Vilna, where he taught music at several Jewish schools. Once the ghetto was established, Durmashkin organized an orchestra, directed a Hebrew choir, and created a music school.
Photo: Ghetto FightersÕ House / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 January 10, 1943: Four hundred Jews who resist their German overseers at the Kopernik camp in Minsk Mazowiecki, Poland, are burned alive in their barracks.
 January 12-21, 1943: Twenty thousand Jews are deported from Zambrow, Poland, to Auschwitz.
 January 13, 1943: Fifteen hundred Jews are deported from Radom, Poland, to Treblinka.
1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 414 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.