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1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 285 

Of the 350,000 Jews in the Baltics, most were shot in 1941 by the Nazis and collaborators from those countries. The Nazis established ghettos for the remaining Jews, but then executed or deported most of them by 1944.
Some ghettoized Jews had to perform work beneficial to the German war effort. Here, men and women in the Lódz (Poland) Ghetto sew Wehrmacht uniforms. Possessing a skill, such as being a tailor, often saved a Jew from deportation to the extermination camps. But, in the end, even the most skilled workers were deported to their deaths. Nazi hatred of Jews took precedence over any utility Jews may have had for the war effort.
Photo: Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz
This card contains photographs of people exhibiting a "low level" of Germanic racial background. Photographs like these were used to demonstrate so-called un-German, or non-Aryan, physical characteristics. Nazi racial belief was that physical traits represented moral or spiritual qualities. Those who did not fit the standard were to be eliminated.
Photo: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 December 5-8, 1941: Seven thousand Jews from Novogrudok, Belorussia, are forced to stand all day and night in frigid temperatures outside the municipal courthouse. Five thousand are taken away to their deaths on the 6th; the remaining 2000 are impressed into forced labor at suburban Pereshike.
 December 6, 1941: The Soviets mount a million-man counteroffensive outside of Moscow.
 December 7, 1941: Carrier-based Japanese aircraft attack American naval bases in the Pacific, with heavy assaults against Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, as well as Clark Field in the Philippines; See December 8, 1941.
 December 7, 1941: The Nazis begin gas-van extermination operations at the Chelmno, Poland, death camp.
 December 7-9, 1941: 25,000 Latvian Jews are taken from the Riga Ghetto and murdered in the Rumbula Forest. Among the victims is a preeminent Jewish historian, 81-year-old Simon Dubnow.
1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 285 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.